Uniform titles for named works of art

Uniform titles for named individual works of art

WORKS CREATED AFTER 1500
AACR2 25.3A.

Use the title or form of title in the original language by which a work after 1500 has become known through use in manifestations of the work or in reference sources.

LCRI 25.3A

Construct a uniform title for a named work of art when it is needed for an access point (main entry, added entry, subject entry) on a bibliographic record. (The term "bibliographic record" is here used to refer to a cataloging record that describes an item and provides access to that description. Such an item may be a book, serial, slide, picture, art original, etc. The term is used to distinguish such records from authority records.) Use as the uniform title the title found in English-language reference sources. (Reference sources include books and articles written about the work of art. Cf. footnote 1 to AACR2 rule 22.1B.) If not found in English-language reference sources, use other reference sources. However, a reference source that routinely uses one language for all titles should not be used unless necessary. If the evidence is inconclusive, use (in this order of preference) the title found in:

Make name/title (or title, if responsibility for the work is unknown) references from titles not chosen as the uniform title.

Follow the rules in chapter 21 for the choice of access points.

100 1b $a Cole, Thomas, $d 1801-1848. $tGarden of Eden

100 1b $a Picasso, Pablo, $d 1881-1973. $t Demoiselles d'Avignon
400 1b $a Picasso, Pablo, $d 1881-1973. $t Young ladies of Avignon

100 0b $a Leonardo, $c da Vinci, $d 1452-1519. $t Mona Lisa
400 0b $a Leonardo, $c da Vinci, $d 1452-1519. $t Gioconda
400 0b $a Leonardo, $c da Vinci, $d 1452-1519. $t Joconde

100 0b $a Sebastian, $d 1947- $t Caballito

100 0b $a Christo, $d 1935- $t Wrapped Reichstag
400 0b $a Christo, $d 1935- $t Verhullte Reichstag
400 0b $a Jeanne-Claude, $d 1935- $t Wrapped Reichstag

(N.B. This reference is an exception to the principles of AACR2 whereby secondary access is made for joint creators on the bibliographic record for the item. References in name authority records are made here because most uses of headings for individual works of art will be as subject secondary entries.)

WORKS CREATED BEFORE 1501
AACR2 25.4A.

Use the title, or form of title, in the original language by which a work created before 1501 (other than one covered by 25.4B-25.4C and 25.14) is identified in modern sources. If the evidence in modern reference sources is inconclusive, use (in this order of preference) the title most frequently found in:

LCRI 25.4A

[The text of the rule interpretation for pre-1501 works is identical to that for post-1500 works. The examples are:]

130 bb $a Venus of Willendorf
430 bb $a Willendorf Venus

130 bb $a Nike of Samothrace
430 bb $a Victory of Samothrace
430 bb $a Winged Victory of Samothrace

100 0b $a Giotto, $d 1266?-1337. $t St. Stephen

100 0b $a Duccio, $c di Buoninsegna, $d d. 1319. $t Maesta


CONFLICT RESOLUTION
AACR2 25.5B1.

Add in parentheses an appropriate explanatory word, brief phrase, or other designation to distinguish a uniform title used as a heading from an identical heading or similar heading for a person or corporate body, or from an identical or similar uniform title used as a heading or reference.

LCRI 25.5B1

Add in parentheses an appropriate designation or designations (e.g., date, medium, size, owner, catalogue raisonne number, alternative title, location, state, color, owner's accession number) to distinguish between identical uniform titles for works entered under the same heading: (While date or owner (usually a museum) will often be the best qualifier, "appropriate" will depend upon the particular work of art, e.g., for a print, the state may be the best qualifier.)

100 1b $a Eyck, Jan van, $d 1390-1440. $t Saint Francis receiving the stigmata (Galleria sabauda)
100 1b $a Eyck, Jan van, $d 1390-1440. $t Saint Francis receiving the stigmata (Philadelphia Museum of Art)

100 1b $a Cezanne, Paul, $d 1839-1906. $t Card players (Barnes Foundation)
100 1b $a Cezanne, Paul, $d 1839-1906. $t Card players (Courtauld Institute Galleries)
100 1b $a Cezanne, Paul, $d 1839-1906. $t Card players (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
100 1b $a Cezanne, Paul, $d 1839-1906. $t Card players (Musee d'Orsay)

100 1b $a Pollock, Jackson, $d 1912-1956. $t Untitled (1936)
100 1b $a Pollock, Jackson, $d 1912-1956. $t Untitled (1937)

(Title of both works is "Untitled.")

100 1b $a Picasso, Pablo, $d 1881-1973. $t Frugal repast (1904, 1913 printing : etching)
100 1b $a Picasso, Pablo, $d 1881-1973. $t Frugal repast (1904, 1913 printing : etching : 2nd state)


Note: In an exchange of messages with Bob Hiatt of the policy office at LC in late 2005, he stated that uniform titles for named works of art were only to be established for works of FINE art, not for decorative arts (those genres classified in NK). Following that exchange, the name authority record for the Portland Vase was deleted in favor of the subject authority record.


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